Nanomaterials are applied with great success in biomedical applications as templates for the development of new generation devices, which can be used to solve current health problems. These new nanoscale systems are designed with multifunctions to perform specific and selective tasks. One of the most important applications of this new nanotechnology; focuses on developing new systems for the controlled release of drugs, mainly due to their capability to improve the temporal and spatial presentation of drugs in the body and their ability to protect them from physiological degradation or elimination. Hydrogels, porous silicon (PSi), and PSi-composites have been widely adopted in this field due to their biological, morphological, and physicochemical properties; which can be tuned to obtain sensitive responses to physiological stimuli. Despite the fact that some recent academic papers have shown the benefits of these nanomaterials in a wide range of biological applications, more in vivo studies are needed to take these hybrid systems towards clinical trials. In this mini-review some of the hydrogels, PSi, and PSi-composites latest applications and prospects in this field of science are presented.